Wanneer moet een overheidswaarborg als staatssteun aan de overheid worden toegerekend?

Hoge Raad 27 mei 2016 : Toerekening aan overheid is mogelijk, zelfs wanneer garantie eigenmachtig en wederrechtelijk werd verleend door bestuurder havenbedrijf

 

De Nederlandse Hoge Raad besliste in een arrest van 27 mei 2016 dat een garantie gesteld door de (enig) bestuurder van een openbaar bedrijf (i.c. een havenbedrijf), in principe kan worden toegerekend aan de overheid, zelfs indien die bestuurder eigenmachtig en wederrechtelijk heeft opgetreden. Er moet wel in concreto worden nagegaan of de overheid bij het verlenen van de garanties was betrokken. In deze zaak stelde de Hoge Raad ook twee prejudiciële vragen aan het Hof van Justitie (zie meer hier).

Continue reading “Wanneer moet een overheidswaarborg als staatssteun aan de overheid worden toegerekend?”

Values in bankruptcy law

“Suppose that a bankruptcy judge has two options in a bankruptcy proceeding of a factory. First, the judge could reorganize the factory, resulting in a $1,000,000 payment to creditors and keeping the factory largely intact. Second, the judge could liquidate the factory, resulting in a $1,500,000 payment to creditors and the loss of 1,000 jobs as the factory is shuttered. What should the bankruptcy judge choose?”

With this deliberately provocative question Zachary Liscow rekindles the debate about the fundamental values of bankruptcy law in a recent article published in the Columbia Law Review (read here). Continue reading “Values in bankruptcy law”

Debt: use it wisely

 “L’homme moderne est dans bien des cas plus enclin à la dépense que ne l’étaient ses ancêtres”  (F. H. Speth, La divisibilité du patrimoine et l’entreprise d’une personne, Parijs, L.G.D.J., 1958, 10)

Our society is credit driven. Consumers and companies borrow against future earnings to finance actual spending. Banks borrow for a living. The Government borrows to pay for social peace, pushing the bill towards future generations. Money for nothing only exists in pop songs. Credit eventually has to be paid by somebody, be it the debtor or society as a whole.

The International Monetary Fund recently publised a report on the proliferation of private sector debt. Continue reading “Debt: use it wisely”

Legal challenges in a world of negative interest rates

Banking in a Brave New World

Financial institutions, insurers, investors, and their legal counsel need to substantially adapt their way of thinking and operating in a negative interest rate environment

See post (Stibbe) here.

Corporate law after Brexit

Michael Schillig on Oxford Business Law Blog

“The safest option for UK incorporated companies that have their central administration in real seat countries is to convert into a company form of another Member State prior to Brexit taking effect”

See post here.

Distributions to shareholders: inspiration from the ‘partnership en commandite’?

In case of an irregular distribution a shareholder – even in good faith – is less deserving of protection than a creditor

A previous post had a look at the ancient partnership en commandite as a treasure-trove for company law reform. This post explores what we can learn from the ‘partnership en commandite’ for the regulation of  distributions to shareholders. Continue reading “Distributions to shareholders: inspiration from the ‘partnership en commandite’?”

The Insolvency Regulation (case-law)

SCI Senior Home – article 5 Regulation 1346/2000

In its judgment of today (read here), the Court of Justice interpreted article 5 of Regulation 1346/2000. Pursuant to this article, the opening of insolvency proceedings shall not affect the rights in rem of creditors or third parties in respect of tangible or intangible, moveable or immoveable assets – both specific assets and collections of indefinite assets as a whole which change from time to time – belonging to the debtor which are situated within the territory of another Member State at the time of the opening of proceedings.  Continue reading “The Insolvency Regulation (case-law)”