European Insolvency Law (update)

As of tomorrow, 26 June 2017, European cross-border insolvency proceedings will be governed by the Recast Regulation on Insolvency 2015/848, which was published by the European Parliament and Council on 20 May 2015. Regulation 1346/2000 shall continue to apply to insolvency proceedings which fall within the scope of that Regulation and which have been opened before 26 June 2017.

Continue reading “European Insolvency Law (update)”

In “Vinyls”, ECJ Allows Debtor to Contract Around Insolvency Avoidance Rules: A Shield Turns Into a Weapon

ECJ endorses broad interpretation of Article 13 Insolvency Regulation

A debtor on the verge of insolvency may be tempted to favour related or influential parties (such as company insiders or important financiers) before his divestment in favour of a liquidator. That is why insolvency law typically allows the liquidator to avoid transactions which the debtor has concluded in the twilight zone prior to insolvency and which are detrimental to the creditors. In a recent preliminary ruling (Vinyls Italia, C-54/16), the ECJ offers the debtor an interesting escape route: he can simply contract around an avoidance provision by submitting an otherwise voidable transaction to a law under which the transaction is not avoidable.

Continue reading “In “Vinyls”, ECJ Allows Debtor to Contract Around Insolvency Avoidance Rules: A Shield Turns Into a Weapon”

More on Polbud

Does ‘Cartesio’ meet the ‘real seat’?

In a previous post (in Dutch) Gillis Lindemans discussed the opinion of AG Kokott in the Polbud-case arguing that this opinion, if followed by the Court, would add a pinch of “real seat” to theEU case-law on corporate mobility. More interesting thoughts on Polbud are to be found on the blog of Professor Geert Van Calster. Money quote:

“Ms Kokott suggests the Opinion is a simple confirmation of the CJEU’s case-law on the issue: no change of tack. Simply confirmation ex multi. That now does leave me puzzled: the Opinion walks and talks like confirming old precedent; but it does not, surely?”

New books on international insolvency law

International insolvency law can be found on national, European and international level. Under the guidance of Yves Brulard, a group of authors have written two volumes on international insolvency law (in French). The first volume deals with the Insolvency Regulation (Recast),  which shall apply from 26 June 2017. The second volume deals with national rules on international insolvency law, in a selected number of jurisdictions. The books can be ordered here, and are highly recommended.

Uncitral Working Group V: Insolvency Law

At its fifty-first session (10-19 May 2017), Uncitral Working Group V has agreed to a draft model law on the recognition and enforcement of insolvency-related judgments (which can be consulted here) and to draft legislative provisions to facilitate the cross-border insolvency of multinational enterprise groups (which can be consulted here).

EU company law: public consultation on rules on digital solutions and efficient cross-border operations

The European Commission recently opened a public consultation to collect input from stakeholders on problems in company law, gather evidence of such problems and ask their views on possible solutions on how to address the problems at EU level. The consultation focuses on the use of online tools throughout the companies’ lifecycle, the cross-border mobility of companies (again) and (the need for) conflict-of-law rules for companies (a recent study on the law applicable to companies, can be consulted here). Continue reading “EU company law: public consultation on rules on digital solutions and efficient cross-border operations”

Polbud: Cartesio ontmoet de werkelijke zetel?

AG Kokott vereist “werkelijke vestiging” voor toepassing vrijheid van vestiging op grensoverschrijdende omzetting

In haar advies in zaak C-106/16 (Polbud) preciseert Advocaat-Generaal Kokott de toepassing van de vrijheid van vestiging op de grensoverschrijdende omzetting. In het arrest-Cartesio heeft het Hof overwogen dat een lidstaat niet immuun is voor de toets aan de vrijheid van vestiging, wanneer die een vennootschap belet zich om te zetten naar het recht van een andere lidstaat, door haar ontbinding en vereffening te vereisen. De AG is nu van oordeel dat de verplaatsing van de statutaire zetel naar een andere lidstaat enkel onder  de vrijheid van vestiging valt indien de betrokken vennootschap een “werkelijke vestiging” in de andere lidstaat heeft of beoogt “met het oog op de daadwerkelijke uitoefening van een economische activiteit” . De AG lijkt dus een soort werkelijke-zetelmechanisme aan Cartesio te willen toevoegen. Continue reading “Polbud: Cartesio ontmoet de werkelijke zetel?”